There’s no diet pattern that will cure HIV, but to feel your best, it’s important to eat well. Eating a variety of nutritious foods, can help to fight inflammation, may help you feel better, increase energy levels and manage HIV symptoms. See below for healthy eating tips:
Choose a balanced diet rich in:
- Lean Protein
- Nuts and Seeds
- Whole Grains
Choose colorful plant foods that are high in antioxidants, nutrients that help protect healthy cells from becoming damaged.
- Fruit: blueberries, blackberries, cherries, raspberries, strawberries
- Herbs and Spices: cinnamon, dried or ground turmeric, garlic, ginger
- Nuts and Seeds: almonds, pecans, peanuts, pumpkin seeds, sunflower seeds, walnuts
- Vegetables: artichokes, Brussels sprouts, cauliflower, collard greens, kale, red cabbage, spinach
Include healthy fats to help lower inflammation.
- Fatty Fish: mackerel, salmon, sardines, tuna
- Fruit: avocado
- Nuts and Seeds: almonds, chia seeds, ground flax seeds, walnuts
- Oils: extra virgin olive oil, flaxseed oil, walnut oil
If you’re experiencing mouth sores or have a sore throat, try the following:
- Include soft, easy-to-swallow foods, like scrambled eggs, cooked cereal or milkshakes
- Avoid foods that can bother or irritate your throat:
- Hot (temperature) foods and drinks
- Highly acidic foods: tomatoes, oranges, lemonade
- Sharp, crunchy foods: potato and tortilla chips
- Alcoholic beverages
- Spicy foods
- For more tips, download the Difficulty Swallowing handout.
If you’re experiencing diarrhea:
- Choose soft, bland foods: noodles, hard-boiled eggs, white bread, pureed vegetables, lean turkey, chicken, fish, mashed potatoes
- Keep sports beverages, like Gatorade®, stocked to help prevent dehydration during diarrhea.
- For more tips, download the Diarrhea handout.